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How do Hall Effect brushless motor controllers work?

Most electric bike motors use hall sensors to determine the motor position and help the controller to drive the motor correctly. This blog gives a simplified explanation as to how this motor control works, and is a follow up to our previous blog about what is a hall sensor and why...

Regen braking on eBikes – is it worth it?

People often assume that an electric bicycle will have regenerative braking, or that it will charge up as you pedal. Both assumptions are incorrect, and in this blog post we explain to you why.

Freewheel or cassette (gear fittings)?

When choosing a rear wheel kit, you need to work out what type of gear fitting you have, there are two types – freewheel, or cassette. You should choose a rear motor that has the matching gear fitting for your gears – we offer both freewheel and cassette fittings on...

LED or LCD display?

Our basic ECO kits come with a simple LED display. We also offer the PANDA PRO system which comes with an LCD display We also offer the LCD03 upgrade which has additional features more advanced than the basic PRO LCD display All of these displays are also available separately to...

Panda ECO or Panda PRO?

The basic conversion kit we offer at Panda eBikes is the PANDA ECO. We also offer the PANDA PRO which is a slightly upgraded version of this kit, with some enhanced features. The Panda ECO is best for you if you want the basic functionality of an eBike and don’t...

Brake levers v.s. brake sensor

Electrical cut-off brakes are an important safety feature on an electric bike. There are two options available, replacement brake levers, or brake sensors that adapt to your existing brake levers. This blog discusses the pros and cons of both.

Will it be road legal?

To be road legal, an eBike must have maximum power 250W and top speed 15.5 mph. It should have working pedals, and should not use a throttle. Disclaimer.  This article is not written by a lawyer, and in no way constitutes legal advice. This article is intended only as a...

Thumb throttle v.s. half twist

Throttles are great for use off-road as they allow you to push the eBike to maximum power at the flick of a button, allowing for instantaneous acceleration. There are two types, the half-twist throttle is the most popular and works like a standard throttle. The thumb twist throttle is smaller...

eBike motors 101

This is a dynamic blog to discuss everything you need to know about eBike motors We will update this post with FAQ comments and discussions To have your question answered, simply login and comment and we will answer in detail any questions that you have. Remember to read our other...

Which torque arm?

There are a number of torque arm options available to cater for any ebike conversion. Eyelet style is recommended if you have M5 eyelets on your forks or dropouts, if not, then Universal style is better (suitable for any scenario). If you have a complex conversion we recommend the multi-angle...

Which wheel type?

Choosing which wheel type is important. Front wheel is generally recommended for low power kits as it is easiest to install. For higher power, or if your forks are too narrow to fit a motor then go for rear wheel. Please also read our blog about wheel sizes here.

Which battery should i get?

Choosing the right battery for your conversion is probably the most important factor for your conversion. We offer three main types – downtube batteries are the most popular but suitable only for unisex or mens frames. Rear rack batteries are preferable for ladies frames, and frog batteries are preferable for folding...

Do I need a torque arm?

This is a very short blog post, because the answer is YES! you should always use a torque arm for safety. If you don’t there is a risk even with a lower power motor that it will wear away and damage the forks or frame, and eventually the motor can...

Top speed

According to UK and EU law, completed eBikes must be limited to 25kph on roads. In line with this, we offer our 250W kits configurable to a 25kph speed limit on request. However it is the eBike builder’s discretion to choose whether they want a legal on-road bike or an...

How much range will I get?

This question is at the forefront of every buyer’s mind when buying an electric bike, or eBike conversion kit. How far can I go? The short answer to this, is that if you are lazy, don’t pedal, and put the kit on a poor quality bike, then you won’t go very...

Hall sensor control v.s. no-hall – how to tell the difference.

A very common technical question we get is regarding the difference between hall control and no hall control, when talking about brushless motor controllers for ebikes. It’s important because you need to choose the right controller for you motor, either a “hall sensor” controller, or a “no hall” controller. If...

What is a hall sensor and why do electric bike motors need them?

Hall sensors are in most eBike motors, but not all. Ever heard of them and wondered what they are? They are magnetic sensors which help the controller to know what the position the motor is in as it turns, so that it can keep it turning. Read further for some...

My motor doesn’t fit!

This is the most common problem that we find with eBike customers – the motor wheel doesn’t fit into the front forks Sadly, even though this is a common problem, few eBike motor wheels will fit into every bike fork. There is a certain amount of space that is required...

Geared v.s. Direct Drive eBike motors

We often get asked  what is the difference between geared motors and direct drive motors? From the outside of a motor, you can’t see much difference between the two, however inside there is a huge difference. Geared motors Geared motors have an epicyclic gearbox inside the motor casing, which has...

What is a brushless motor?

One of the common questions we get, is what is a brushless motor? And customers requiring support to understand whether they have a brushless motor on their bike or not. Almost every eBike these days uses a brushless motor. Old ebike generally have brushed motors. The simple answer The simple answer is...